Select Bibliography on Jerusalem

Dr. Saliba Sarsar

The scholarly sources on Jerusalem are extensive. This bibliography contains books and articles on the historical, cultural, religious, political, urban planning, and creative life of Jerusalem, which provide differing perspectives and positions. The researcher/scholar is welcome to access these and other works online and at libraries of universities and institutes focused on the Middle East. There are a variety of Palestinian, Israeli, and Western archives and libraries focused on Jerusalem, which are found on the Palestinian American Research Center’s website at Other resources include important journals such as Jerusalem Quarterly and Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics and Culture; daily newspapers as al-Quds and The Jerusalem Post; as well as publications by such organizations as PASSIA, the Palestinian Academic Society for the Study of International Affairs,, B’Tselem, the Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories, and Ir Amim

*Dr. Saliba Sarsar is Professor of Political Science at Monmouth University and President/CEO of the Jerusalem Peace Institute.

Aamiry, M.A. Jerusalem: Arab Origin and Heritage. London: Longman, 1978.

Abdelrazek, A. The Arab Architectural Renaissance in the Western Part of Occupied Jerusalem, published in Arabic under the auspices of the Arab Studies Society. Jerusalem: Manar Press, 2010 and in English (Cyprus: Rimal Books, 2017.

Abdullah, S. “The Cost of the Closure: Israeli Economic Measures in East Jerusalem.” Palestine-Israel Journal 2, 2 (1995):

Abowd, T. “The Moroccan Quarter: A History of the Present,” Journal of Palestine Studies 7 (2000):

Abowd, T. Colonial Jerusalem: the Spatial Construction of Identity and Difference in a City of Myth, 1948–2012. New York: Syracuse University Press, 2014.

Abu-Amr, Z. “The Significance of Jerusalem: A Muslim Perspective.” Palestine-Israel Journal 2, 2 (1995):

Abu Lughod, I. “Jerusalem – Islamic Perspective II:” in O. K. Ingram, ed., Jerusalem: Key to Peace in the Middle East. Durham, NC: Triangle Friends of the Middle East, 1977.

Abu-Sway, M. “The Holy Land, Jerusalem, and Al-Aqsa Mosque in the Islamic Sources.” Journal of the Central Conference of American Rabbis (Fall 2000): 60-68.

AbuZayyad, Z. ed., “Focus on Jerusalem,” Special Issue. Palestine-Israel Journal 8, 1 (2001): 1-66.

Aghazarian, A., B. Sabella and A. Safieh “Christian Voices from the Holy Land: Out of Jerusalem.” Jerusalem: Palestinian General Delegation to the United Kingdom Office of Representation of the PLO to the Holy See, December 1997.

Ahimeir, O., and Y. Bar-Simon-Tov, eds. Forty Years in Jerusalem. Jerusalem: The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2008.

Akash, M. The Open Veins of Jerusalem. 2nd Ed. Syracuse, NY: A Jusoor Book, 2005.

Al-Aili, Y. “Jerusalem: Identity or Crisis of Conscience,” in Controversies from the Promised Land: Palestinian Perspectives, Vol. 1, edited by Wolfgang Freund. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 1999, pp. 39-61.

Al-cArif, cA. Al-Masihiyah fi al-Quds (Arabic) (Christianity in Jerusalem). Jerusalem: Greek Orthodox Printing Press, 1951.

Albin, C. “Securing the Peace of Jerusalem: On the Politics of Unifying and Dividing.” Review of International Studies 23 (1997): 117-42.

Albin, C. “Explaining Conflict Transformation: How Jerusalem Became Negotiable,” Cambridge Review of International Affairs 18, 3 (2005): 339-55.

Al-Ratrout, H. A. The Architectural Development of Al-Aqsa Mosque in the Early Islamic Period. London: ALMI, 2004.

Amirav, M. “Israel’s Policy in Jerusalem since 1967.” Stanford, CA: Stanford University Centre on Conflict and Negotiation, Working Paper 102, 1992.

Amirav, M. Jerusalem Syndrome: The Palestinian-Israeli Battle for the Holy City. Eastbourne, UK: Sussex Academic Press, 2009.

Antreassian, A. Jerusalem and the Armenians. Jerusalem: St. James Press, 1977.

Armstrong, K. Jerusalem: One City, Three Faiths. New York: Harpercollins, 2004.

Armstrong, K. “Jerusalem: The Problems and Responsibilities of Sacred Space. Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations 13, 2 (2002): 189-196.

Asali, K. J. Jerusalem in History. New York: Olive Branch Press, 2000.

Ateek, N.S., C. Duaybis, and M. Schrader (Eds.) Jerusalem, What Makes for Peace! A Palestinian Christian Contribution to Peacemaking. London: Melisende, 1997.

Auld, S. and R. Hillenbrand, eds. Ottoman Jerusalem: The Living City, 1517-1917. London: Fox Communications & Publications, 2000.

Avigad, N. Discovering Jerusalem. New York: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1983.

Azarya, V. The Armenian Quarter of Jerusalem: Urban Life Behind Monastery Walls. Berkeley, Los Angeles, California, and London: University of California Press, 1984.

Bahat, D. The Western Wall Tunnels: Touching the Stones of Our Heritage. Jerusalem: Israel MOD/The Western Wall Heritage Foundation, 2007.

Bahat, D. with C. T. Rubinstein. Illustrated Atlas of Jerusalem. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 1990.

Baskin G. and Twite, R., eds. “The Future of Jerusalem: Israel/Palestine International Academic Seminar.” Israel-Palestine Center for Research and Information (IPCRI), 1993.

Bell, M., M. J. Molloy, J. Bell, and M. Evans, The Jerusalem Old City Initiative Discussion Document: New Directions for Deliberation and Dialogue. England: Routledge, 2017.

Ben-Arieh, Y. Jerusalem in the Nineteenth Century: The Old City. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 1984.

Ben-Arieh, Y. Jerusalem in the 19th Century: Emergence of the New City. Jerusalem: Palgrave Macmillan, 1986.

Ben-Dov, M. The Western Wall. Jerusalem: Adama Books, 1983.

Benvenisti, M. Jerusalem: The Torn City. Jerusalem: Isratypeset Ltd., 1976.

Benvenisti, M. Conflicts and Contradictions. New York: Villard Books, 1986.

Benvenisti, M. City of Stone: The Hidden History of Jerusalem. Oakland, CA: University of California Press, 1998.

Bin Talal, H. A Study of Jerusalem. London: Longman in association with the Publishing Committee, Amman, Jordan, 1979.

Blair, S. “What Is the Date of the Dome of the Rock,” in Raby, J., and J. Johns, eds. Bayt al-Maqdis: ʿAbd al-Malik’s Jerusalem. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992, pp. 59-87.

Boas, A. Jerusalem in the Time of the Crusades. London/New York: Routledge, 2001.

Bollens, S. On Narrow Ground: Urban Policy and Ethnic Conflict in Jerusalem and Belfast. Part II. New York: SUNY Press, 2000.

Boullata, I. J. The Bells of Memory: A Palestinian Boyhood in Jerusalem. Westmount, Quebec: Linda Leith Publishing, 2014.

Bovis, H. E. The Jerusalem Question 1917-1968 (Studies Series #29). Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press, 1971.

Braverman, M. A Wall in Jerusalem: Hope, Healing, and the Struggle for Justice in Israel and Palestine. New York: Jericho Books, 2013.

Brecher, M. “Jerusalem: Israel’s Political Decisions, 1947-1977.” Middle East Journal 32, 1 (Winter 1978): 13-34.

Breger, M. J. “The New Battle for Jerusalem.” The Middle East Quarterly 1, 4 (1994).

Brooks, R. D. The Wall: Fragmenting the Palestinian Fabric in Jerusalem. Jerusalem: International Peace and Cooperation Center, 2007.

B’Tselem. “A Policy of Discrimination: Land Expropriation, Planning and Building in East Jerusalem” (extracts from a summary report). Palestine-Israel Journal 2, 2 (1995): 120-5.

Budeiri, M. “A Chronicle of a Defeat Foretold: The Battle for Jerusalem in the Memoirs of Anwar Nusseibeh.” Jerusalem Quarterly 3 (Winter/Spring, 2001).

Burgoyne, M. H., with D. S. Richards. Mamluk Jerusalem: An Architectural Survey. London: British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem; World of Islam Festival Trust, 1987.

Caridi, P. Jerusalem without God: Portrait of a Cruel City. Cairo: The American University in Cairo Press, 2017.

Carroll, J. Jerusalem, Jerusalem. How the Ancient City Ignited Our Modern World. Boston & New York, 2011.

Casper, J. “Holy Sepulchre will Reopen After Jerusalem Suspends Church Tax Grab,” Christianity Today (February 27, 2018),

Chapman, C. Whose Holy City? Jerusalem and the Future of Peace in the Middle East. Baker Books, 2004.

Cheshin, A., B. Hutman, and A. Melamed. Separate and Unequal: The Inside Story of Israeli Rule in East Jerusalem. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1999.

Clark, V. Holy Fire: The Battle for Christ’s Tomb. London: Macmillan, 2005.

Cline, E. H. Jerusalem Besieged: From Ancient Canaan to Modern Israel. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2004.

Cohen, A. Jewish Life under Islam: Jerusalem in the 16th Century. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1984.

Cohen, A. Economic Life in Ottoman Jerusalem. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Colbi, S. P. “The Christian Establishment in Jerusalem,” in Joel L. Kraemer, ed. Jerusalem: Problems and Prospects. New York: Praeger, 1980, pp. 153-177.

Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People. “The Status of Jerusalem.” New York: United Nations, 1997,

Coughlin, C. A Golden Basin Full of Scorpions: The Quest for Modern Jerusalem. New York: Little, Brown, 1997.

Cust, L. G. A. The Status Quo in the Holy Places. Jerusalem: Ariel Publishing House, 1930, reprinted 1980.

Dalrymple, W. From the Holy Mountain: A Journey Among the Christians of the Middle East. New York: Henry Holt and Co., 1997.

Danilov, S. “Dilemmas of Jerusalem’s Christians.” Middle East Review (Spring-Summer 1981): 41-47.

Davis, R. “The Growth of the Western Communities, 1917-1948,” in S. Tamari, ed., Jerusalem 1948: The Arab Neighborhoods and their Fate in the War. Jerusalem: The Institute of Jerusalem Studies and Bethlehem: Badil Resource Center, 1999.

Dumper, M. The Politics of Jerusalem Since 1967. New York: Columbia University Press, 1997.

Dumper, M. The Politics of Sacred Space: The Old City of Jerusalem in the Middle East Conflict. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2002.

Dumper, M. “The Christian Churches of Jerusalem in the Post-Oslo Period.” Journal of Palestine Studies 31 (2002): 51-65.

Dumper, M. “Two State Plus: Jerusalem and the Binational Debate.” Jerusalem Quarterly 39 (Autumn 2009).

Dumper, M. Jerusalem Unbounded: Biography, History & the Future of the Holy City. New York: Columbia University Press, 2014.

Duncan, A. The Noble Sanctuary: Portrait of a Holy Place in Arab Jerusalem. London: Longman, 1972.

Duri, A. A. “Jerusalem in the Early Islamic Period, 7th-11th Centuries,” in Jerusalem in History. Edited by K. J. Asali; Scorpion Publishing Ltd, 1989, pp. 105-29.

Elad, A. Medieval Jerusalem and Islamic Worship: Holy Places, Ceremonies, Pilgrimage. Leiden, The Netherlands: E. J. Brill, 1995.

Elman, M. F. and M. Adelman, eds. Jerusalem: Conflict and Cooperation in a Contested City. New York: Syracuse University Press, 2014.

Elon, A. Jerusalem: City of Mirrors. London: Fontana, 1989.

Ellenblum, R. and A. Ramon. The Walls of Jerusalem. Jerusalem: Yad Izhak Ben-Zvi, 1995.

Faludi, A. “A Planning Doctrine for Jerusalem.” International Planning Studies 2, 1 (1997): 83-102.

Felner, E. “A Policy of Discrimination: Land Expropriation, Planning and Building in East Jerusalem.” Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories. Jerusalem: B’Tselem, 1997.

Friedland, R. and Hecht, M. To Rule Jerusalem. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Friedman, T. L. From Beirut to Jerusalem. Revised edition. New York: Picador, 2012.

Geva, H. ed. Ancient Jerusalem Revealed. Jerusalem: Biblical Archaeology Society, 1994.

Gilbert, M. Jerusalem: Rebirth of a City. London: Viking 1985.

Gilbert, M. Jerusalem in the Twentieth Century. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1996.

Golani, M. “Jerusalem’s Hope Lies Only in Partition: Israeli Policy on the Jerusalem Question, 1948–1967.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 31 (1999): 577-604.

Goldhill, S. Jerusalem: A City of Longing. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2010.

Goldhill, S. The Temple of Jerusalem. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011.

Gonen, A. “Widespread and Diverse Neighborhood Gentrification in Jerusalem.” Political Geography 21 (2002): 727-37.

Goodman, M. Rome and Jerusalem: The Clash of Ancient Civilizations. London: Vintage, 2008.

Grabar, O. The Shape of the Holy: Early Islamic Jerusalem.  Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1996.

Grabar, O. The Dome of the Rock. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2006.

Grabar, O. and B. Z. Kedar, eds. Where Heaven and Earth Meet: Jerusalem’s Sacred Esplanade. Jamal and Rania Daniel Series in Contemporary History, Politics, and Religion of the Levant. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2009.

Greenberg, R. and A. Keinan. Present Past of Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Israeli Archaeology in the West Bank and East Jerusalem since 1967. Tel Aviv: 2007.

Habesch, C. “A Voice from East Jerusalem.” America: The National Catholic Weekly (Aug. 13, 2007):

Hadi, M. A. Israeli Settlements in Occupied Jerusalem and the West Bank 1967-1977. Jerusalem: Arab Thought Forum, 1978.

Hadi, M. A. “The Future of Jerusalem: A Palestinian Perspective.” Shu’un Tanmawiyyeh 5, 2 & 3 (Winter 1995/1996).

Hadi, M. A. Dialogue on Jerusalem PASSIA Meetings 1990-8, Jerusalem: PASSIA, 1998.

Hadi, M. A. 100 Years of Palestinian History: A 20th Century Chronology, 2nd edition. Jerusalem: PASSIA, 2005.

Halabi, U. “The Legal Status of Palestinians in Jerusalem,” Palestine-Israel Journal 4, 1 (1997):

Hammami, R. and S. Tamari, “The Battle for Jerusalem.” Jerusalem Quarterly 10 (2000): 3-9.

Harb, A. “Representations of Jerusalem in the Modern Palestinian Novel,” Arab Studies Quarterly 26, 3 (2004): 1-23.

Hasson, S. “Local Politics and Split Citizenship in Jerusalem.” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 20, 1 (1996): 116-33.

Hasson, S. Social Movements in Jerusalem. New York: SUNY Press, 1993.

Hilliard, A. and B. J. Bailey. Living Stones Pilgrimage with the Christians of the Holy Land. London: Cassell, 1999.

Hintlian, K. History of the Armenians in the Holy Land. 2nd edition. Jerusalem: Armenian Patriarchate Printing Press, 1989.

Hintlian, K. “Travelers and Pilgrims in the Holy Land: The Armenian Patriarchate of Jerusalem in 17th and 18th Century,” in A. O’Mahony, ed. Christian Heritage in the Holy Land. London: Scorpion Cavendish Ltd, 1995.

Hoffman, A. “Monologue of a Jerusalem Councilor.” Palestine-Israel Journal 2, 2 (1995): 8-14.

Holtz, A., ed. The Holy City: Jews on Jerusalem. New York: Norton, 1971.

Hulme, D. Identity, Ideology, and the Future of Jerusalem. New York, 2006.

Husaini, I. M. “Jerusalem in Islamic Perspective,” in O. K., Ingram, ed., Jerusalem: Key to Peace in the Middle East. Durham, NC: Triangle Friends of the Middle East, 1977.

Husseini, F. “Jerusalem: the Palestinian View.” Palestine-Israel Journal 3, 3 (1996): 25-31.

Idinopulos, T. A. Jerusalem: A History of the Holiest City as Seen Through the Struggles of Jews, Christians, and Muslims, 2nd edition. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 1994.

Idinopulos, T. A. “Jerusalem’s Holy Places and the Peace Process.”Policy Paper 46. Washington, DC: Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 1998,

International Crisis Group, “Extreme Makeover? (II): The Withering of Arab Jerusalem.” Middle East Report 135 (2012).

Isaac, J. and S. Khalilieh, “The Jerusalem Saga: Current Realities in Jerusalem,” Palestine-Israel Journal 17, 1–2 (2011): 109-34.

Israeli, R. Jerusalem Divided: The Armistice Regime, 1947-1967. London and New York: Routledge, 2013.

Jawhariyyeh, W. Al Quds Al Othmaniyah Fi Al Muthakrat Al Jawharriyyeh (The Jawhariyyeh Memoirs: Ottoman Jerusalem 1904-1917), Vol. 1, and Al Quds Al Intedabiyeh Fi Al Muthakrat Al Jawharriyyeh. The Jawhariyyeh Memoirs: British Mandate Jerusalem 1918-1948. Vol 2, eds. S. Tamari and I. Nassar. Jerusalem 2001.

Jawhariyyeh, W. in S. Tamari and I. Nassar, eds., The Storyteller of Jerusalem: The Life and Times of Wasif Jawhariyyeh, 1904-1948. Northampton, MA: Olive Branch Press, Interlink Publishing Group, Inc., 2014.

Jayyusi, L. ed. Jerusalem Interrupted: Modernity and Colonial Transformation, 1917-Present. Northampton, MA: Olive Branch Press, 2015.

Jeremias, J. Jerusalem in the Time of Jesus. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers Marketing, 1969.

Jospe, R. “The Significance of Jerusalem: a Jewish Perspective.” Palestine-Israel Journal 2, 2 (1995): 32-40.

Ju’beh, N. “The Palestinian Attachment to Jerusalem.” Palestine-Israel Journal 2, 2 (1995): 77-79.

Jucbeh, N. “Focus: Jewish Settlement in the Old City of Jerusalem after 1967,” Palestine-Israel Journal 8, 1 (2001):

Kaminker, S. “For Arabs Only: Building Restrictions in East Jerusalem.” Journal of Palestine Studies 26, 4 (1997): 5-16.

Karabell, Z. Peace Be Upon You: Fourteen Centuries of Muslim, Christian, and Jewish Conflict and Cooperation. New York: Vintage Books, 2008, especially the sections on Jerusalem.

Karmi, G. Jerusalem Today: What Future for the Peace Process? Exeter: Ithaca Press, 1996.

Karmi, G. “Jerusalem: Excursion Up a Blind Alley?” Palestine-Israel Journal 8, 1 (2001): 26-31.

Katz, I. and R. Kark, “The Church and Landed Property: The Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem,” Middle Eastern Studies 43, 3 (May 2007): 383-408.

Khatib, K. “The Conservation of Jerusalem.” Jerusalem: PASSIA, 1993.

Khalidi, R. “The Future of Arab Jerusalem,” British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 19, 2 (1992): 133-43.

Khalidi, W. “Islam, the West, and Jerusalem.” Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University: Centre for Contemporary Arab Studies & Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding, April 1996.

Khalidi, W. “Our Jerusalem: Separate and Joint.” Keynote Address at the American Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee’s (ADC’s) 17th National Convention, Sunday, June 11, 2000. Issue Paper 28, Washington, D.C.: ADC Research Institute, 2000.

Klein, M. Jerusalem: The Contested City. London: Hurst & Company, 2001.

Klein, M. The Jerusalem Problem: The Struggle for Permanent Status. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2003.

Klein, M.“Old and New Walls in Jerusalem.” Political Geography 24, 1 (2005): 53-76.

Klein, M. “Jerusalem as an Israeli Problem: A Review of Forty Years of Israeli Rule Over Arab Jerusalem.” Israel Studies 13, 2 (2008).

Klein, M. Lives in Common: Arabs and Jews in Jerusalem, Jaffa and Hebron. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Kolek, J., et al., eds. Brussels and Jerusalem: from Conflict to Solution. Brussels and Jerusalem: Truman Research Institute, University of Jerusalem & CERIS, Free University of Brussels, 1995.

Kollek, T. “Jerusalem.” Foreign Affairs 55, 4 (July 1977):

Kollek, T. with A. Kollek. For Jerusalem: A Life. New York: Random House, 1978.

Kollek, T. “Jerusalem: Present and Future.” Foreign Affairs 59, 5 (Summer 1981):

Kollek, T. and M. Pearlman. Jerusalem, Sacred City of Mankind: A History of Forty Centuries. Jerusalem: Steimatzky’s Agency Ltd., 1968.

Kort, N. “Palestinian Christians of Jerusalem.” The Ecumenical Review 64, 1 (March 2012): 36-42.

Kotker, N. The Earthly Jerusalem. New York: Charles Scribner’s Son, 1969.

Kraemer, J. L., ed. Jerusalem: Problems and Perspectives. New York: Praeger, 1980.

Kroyanker, D. Jerusalem Architecture, New York: Vendome Press, 1994.

Krikorian, H. A. Armenian Patriarchs of Jerusalem: Chronological Roster of Tenures. Sherman Oaks, California: The Avedik Charitable Trust Fund, 2005.

Krikorian, H. A. Lives and Times of the Armenian Patriarchs of Jerusalem: Chronological Succession of Tenures. Sherman Oaks, CA: Author, 2009.

Kutcher, A. The New Jerusalem: Planning and Politics. London: Thames & Hudson, 1973.

Kuttab, J. “The Legal Status of Jerusalem.” Palestine-Israel Journal 2, 2 (1995): 52-58.

Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem. “Caritas Jerusalem’s Varied Activities at the Service of all.” Jerusalem: Diocesan Bulletin of the Latin Patriarchate 9, 2 (March-May 2003).

Lawler, A. Under Jerusalem: The Buried History of the World’s Most Contested City. New York: Doubleday, 2021.

Lazarus-Yafeh, H. “The Sanctity of Jerusalem in Islam,” in Eckardt, A. L., ed., Jerusalem: City of the Ages. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1987, pp. 322-337.

Levine, L. I. ed. Jerusalem Cathedra: Studies in the History, Geography and Ethnology of the Land of Israel, vol. 1, Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press, 1981.

Levine, L. I. ed., Jerusalem: Its Sanctity and Centrality to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. New York: Continuum International Publishing Group, 1999.

Livne-Kafri, O. “Jerusalem in Early Islam: The Eschatological Aspect.” Arabica. T. 53, Fasc. 3 (July 2006): 382-403.

Lustick, I. S. “Reinventing Jerusalem.” Foreign Policy 93 (1993-94): 41-59.

Luz, N. “Aspects of Islamization of Space and Society in Mamluk Jerusalem and its Hinterland.” Mamluk Studies Review, Vol. 6 (2002): 133-154.

Marcus, A. D. Jerusalem 1913: The Origins of the Arab-Israeli Conflict. New York: Viking, 2007.

Matteson, C. The Origin and Meaning of the Dome of the Rock. Boulder, CO: The University of Colorado, 1997.

May, M. Jerusalem Testament: Palestinian Christians Speak, 1988-2008. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2010.

Mayer, T. and S. A. Mourad, eds. Jerusalem: Idea and Reality. New York: Routledge, 2008.

Mazza, R. Jerusalem from the Ottomans to the British. London: I. B. Tauris, 2009.

Melkon Rose, J. H. Armenians of Jerusalem: Memories of Life in Palestine. London, New York: Radcliffe Press, 1993.

Misselwitz, P. and T. Rieniets. City of Collision: Jerusalem and the Principles of Conflict Urbanism. Berlin: Birkhäuser Architecture, 2006.

Montefiore, S. S. Jerusalem: The Biography. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2011.

Montell, J. “Jerusalem: Injustice in the Holy City.” B’Tselem, 2000.

Morris, B. The Road to Jerusalem: Glubb Pasha, Palestine and the Jews. London: I. B. Tauris, 2002.

Morgan, T. “Jerusalem’s Living Stones: Will Christianity’s Oldest Church Survive the Peace Process?” Christianity Today 40 (May 1996): 58-62.

Mustapha, W. “Demographic Changes in East (Arab) Jerusalem Under the Israeli Occupation” in Controversies from the Promised Land: Palestinian Perspectives, Vol. 1, edited by Wolfgang Freund. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 1999, pp. 63-87.

Nammar, J. J. Born in Jerusalem, Born Palestinian: A Memoir. Northampton, MA: Olive Branch Press, Interlink Publishing Group, Inc., 2012.

Napolitano, P. “Jerusalem: The Heart of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict,” Policy Briefing. Directorate-General for External Policies of the Union Policy Department, European Parliament, Brussels, March 2012,

Nashashibi, N. E. Jerusalem’s Other Voice: Ragheb Nashashibi and Moderation in Palestinian Politics 1920-1948. Exeter: Ithaca Press, 1990.

Nees, L. Perspectives on Early Islamic Art in Jerusalem. Arts and Archaeology of the Islamic World Series, Vol. 5. Leiden, The Netherlands: E. J. Brill, 2015.

Nissenbaum, D. A Street Divided: Stories from Jerusalem’s Alley of God. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2015.

Nusseibeh, H. Z. The Jerusalemites: A Living Memory. Nicosia/London: Rimal Publications, 2009.

Nusseibeh, S. The Dome of the Rock. New York: Rizzoli, 1996.

Nusseibeh, S. and H. Cattan. Jerusalem. London: Al Saqi Books, 2000.

Nusseibeh, S. with A. David, Once Upon a Country: A Palestinian Life. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2007.

Nu‘ymat, F. ‘A. Nasara al-Quds fi fatrat al-Intidab al-Baritani, 1917-1948 (Arabic) (Christians of Jerusalem under the British Mandate, 1917-1948). Beirut, Lebanon: Center for Arab Unity Studies, 2016.

Oesterreicher, J. M. and A. Sinai, eds. Jerusalem. New York: The John Day Co., 1974.

O’Mahony, A. ed. The Christian Communities of Jerusalem and the Holy Land: Studies in History, Religion, and Politics. Cardiff, UK: The University of Wales Press, 2003.

O’Mahony, A. “Christianity and Jerusalem: Religion, Politics, and Theology in the Modern Holy Land.” International Journal for the Study of the Christian Church 5, 2 (2005): 86-102.

O’Mahony, A. “The Vatican, Jerusalem, the State of Israel, and Christianity in the Holy Land.” International Journal for the Study of the Christian Church 5, 2 (2005): 123-146.

Palestine-Israel Journal of Politics, Economics, and Culture. “Our Jerusalem,” Special Issue. Palestine-Israel Journal 2, 2 (1995):

Palestinian Society for the Protection of Human Rights and the Environment (LAW). Land and Settlement Policy in Jerusalem. Jerusalem: LAW, 1999.

Papas, W. People of Old Jerusalem. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1980.

Peters, F. E. Jerusalem: The Holy City in the Eyes of Chroniclers, Visitors, Pilgrims, and Prophets from the Days of Abraham to the Beginnings of Modern Times. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1985.

Peters, F. E. The Distant Shrine: Islamic Centuries in Jerusalem. AMS Studies in Modern Society: Political and Social Issues, no. 22. New York: AMS Press, 1993.

Prawer, J. The History of the Jews in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Prawer, J. and H. Ben-Shammai. The History of Jerusalem: The Early Muslim Period, 638-1099. Jerusalem: Yad Izhak Ben-Zvi; New York: New York University Press, 1996.

Pringle, D. The Churches of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: A Corpus. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.Prittie, T. Whose Jerusalem? London: F. Muller, 1981.

Rabinovich, A. The Battle for Jerusalem: June 5-7, 1967. Philadelphia, PA: The Jewish Publication Society of America.

Raheb, Mitri. Faith in the Face of Empire: The Bible Through Palestinian Eyes. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 2014, especially the sections on Jerusalem

Reeves, P. “Bingo Chief Threatens East Jerusalem Peace.” The Independent, March 11, 2001.

Reiter, Y. Jerusalem and Its Role in Islamic Solidarity. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.

Sharon, M. “The Muslims of Jerusalem,” in Eckardt, A. L., ed., Jerusalem: City of the Ages. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1987, pp. 211-217.

Reiter, Y. and L. Lehrs. “The Sheikh Jarrah Affair: The Strategic Implications of Jewish Settlement in an Arab Neighborhood in East Jerusalem.” The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies 404 (Jerusalem, 2010): upload/sheikhjarrah-eng.pdf.

Romann, M. and A. Weingrod. Living Together Separately: Arabs and Jews in Contemporary Jerusalem. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.

Rosen, D. “The Spiritual Significance of Jerusalem in Judaism,”

Roussos, S. “Eastern Orthodox Perspectives on Church-State Relations and Religion and Politics in Modern Jerusalem.” International Journal for the Study of the Christian Church 5, 2 (2005): 103-122.

Sabbah, M. Pray for Peace in Jerusalem. Jerusalem: Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem. 1990.

Sabbah, M. “The Church of Jerusalem.” Commonweal 123 (1996): 14-17.

Sabbah, M. and Y. T. O’Onfeuil, Paix sur Jérusalem: Propos d’un Évêque Palestinien. Paris: Desclée de Bouwer, 2002.

Sabbah, M. Faithful Witness: On Reconciliation and Peace in the Holy Land, edited by Christiansen, D. and Sarsar, S. Hyde Park, NY: New City Press, 2009.

Sabella, B. A Life Worth Living: The Story of a Palestinian Catholic. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2017.

Sakakini, H. Jerusalem and I: A Personal Record. Amman, Jordan: Economic Press Co., 1990.

Sanders, R. The High Walls of Jerusalem: A History of the Balfour Declaration and the Birth of the British Mandate for Palestine. London: Holt Rinehart & Winston, 1989.

Sarsar, S. “Memories of Al-Thori,” The Jerusalem Quarterly File, 5 (Summer 1999): 31-40,

Sarsar, S. Review of M. Gilbert’s three books on Jerusalem—Jerusalem in the Twentieth Century. New York: Wiley, 1996; Jerusalem: Rebirth of a City. New York: Viking, 1985; and Jerusalem: Illustrated History Atlas. New York: Macmillan, 1977 in Jerusalem Quarterly File 7 (Winter 2000): 39-48.

Sarsar, S. “Jerusalem: Between the Local and Global,” Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations 1, 4 (Winter 2002).

Sarsar, S. “Towards a New Path: The Greek Orthodox Church in Jerusalem. The National Herald (November 4, 2005). Reprinted in Orthodox News.

Sarsar, S. “Jerusalem: City of God, City of Humanity.” Voice of the Shore: Newsletter of the Greek Orthodox Church, Asbury Park (May 24, 2006).

Sarsar, S. “Witnessing in Jerusalem: A Loving Tribute to Sister Anastas Sarsar”. Catholic News Agency (June 19, 2014):

Sarsar, S. “Jerusalem: City of God, City of Humanity.” The Holy Land Christian Ecumenical Foundation at

Sarsar, S. Jerusalem: The Home in Our Hearts. N. Bethesda, MD: Holy Land Books, 2018.

Sarsar, S., ed. What Jerusalem Means to Us: Christian Perspectives and Reflections. N. Bethesda, MD: Holy Land Books, 2018.

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